A hand-knotted or hand-tufted rug is a masterpiece of traditional craftsmanship.
From the shearing of the sheep to on-site quality controls hardly any of the work is done by machines. The exclusive use of natural materials and the manual processing determine the unique nature of each piece and make our rugs so special in terms of their look and feel, quality and sustainability.
Once sheep are shorn, the wool receives no kind of chemical treatment, retaining the lanolin that provides protection against dirt and moisture; natural wool is durable and dirt-resistant and improves the room climate. The wool is combed and spun by hand.
The naturally white yarn can be dyed to achieve a virtually unlimited range of colors.
Due to its irregular structure and the manual dyeing process, fibers will absorb the color to varying degrees. The resulting color variations, known as abrash, give the color its vivid appearance and the rug its authentic look. For additional gloss and an exciting sheen, we can add silk or other natural fibers,and viscose can also be used for specific effects.. The material mix can be adapted to suit your preferences and requirements.
First, full-scale copies of the designs are drawn on large sheets of paper, which are then colored and serve as templates to guide the weavers at the loom.
Hand-knotting is a traditional technique, in which a loop knot is knotted around a metal rod and then cut open with a knife, resulting in a characteristic soft pile. In hand tufting , carpets are processed with a yarn gun, a single needle machine, which attaches yarn tufts to a prefabricated base material. This is done by needling the yarn from the back side upwards. This creates loops on the front side, which are either cut immediately or opened through shearing after completing the rug. Depending on the manufacturing process, a hand-tufted rug can feature a mixture of loops and of high and low cut pile. Click here to see a YouTube video showing the use of a tufting gun.
Once completed, the rug is washed by hand. This step embellishes it, makes the colors stand out more vividly and flushes out loose fibers and pieces of yarn. The wet rug is stretched out evenly on a frame and put in the sun to dry.
After washing and drying, the rug receives the finishing touches: It may be trimmed with large scissors until the pile is completely even and looks perfectly harmonious, or areas of the rug may be sculpted to create pleasing textures of different heights. The rug undergoes a strict external quality control focusing on the workmanship, color accuracy, size and execution of the design.